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James Clerk Maxwell Biography

James Clerk Maxwell Biography

James Clerk Maxwell – He was a mathematician and physicist he was born in Edinburgh Scotland on 13 June 1831 his father’s name was John Clerk Maxwell of middle buy and mother’s name was Francis his father was a lawyer he was born when his mother was 40 years old in December 1839 his mother unfortunately died of abdominal cancer when he was 8 years old his formal schooling began unsuccessfully under the guidance of a 16 year old hired tutor the tutor was dismissed in November 1841.

James Clerk Maxwell was sent to the prestigious Edinburgh Academy he wrote his first scientific paper when he was 14 in 1847 he began attending classes at the University of Edinburgh in 1850 he went to attend the niversity of Cambridge and graduated with a degree in mathematics in 1854 in 1855 he was made a fellow of the Trinity in 1856 he accepted a position as professor of physics at Marischal College Aberdeen he was just 25 years old at that time a few years later he became the professor of natural philosophy at King’s College London during the late 1850s and 1860.

(James Clerk Maxwell Biography) He made many noteworthy discoveries in the electric and magnetic fields his paper on physical lines of force was published in 1861 in 1865 he resigned from King’s College in 1870 he published the paper on reciprocal figures frames and diagrams of forces in the textbook theory of heat in 1871 in 1871 he became the professor of experi mental physics at Cambridge and directed the newly created Cavendish laboratory in 1871 he established James Clerk Maxwell’s thermodynamic relations in 1874.

(James Clerk Maxwell Biography) He constructed a plasterer thermodynamic visualization which was a way of exploring transitions based on Josiah Willard Gibbs thermodynamics papers he edited the research of Henry Cavendish and also provided some invaluable original notes on it James Clerk Maxwell gave the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation which unified electricity magnetism and light as manifestations of the same phenomenon his equations for electromagnetism are considered the second great unification in physics.

(James Clerk Maxwell Biography) Aftert the first one realized by Isaac Newton the development of the Maxwell Boltzmann distribution is one of his biggest contributions to physics he married Catherine Mary D you were on 2 June 1858 the couple had no children and was very devoted towards each other in 1859 he was awarded Adams prize of 130 pounds for his essay on the stability of the motion of Saturn’s rings he was bestowed with the Royal Society’s Rumford medal in 1864 his work of color he died on 5 November 1879 at the age of 48 he died of abdominal cancer thoroughly conscious ignorance is the prelude to every real advance in science said James Clerk Maxwell (James Clerk Maxwell Biography)


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